About Woven Imitation Linen Fabric

What is woven imitation linen fabric ?



What is woven imitation linen fabric ?
Flax is a type of linen fabric, mainly used in household products. Although flax is similar to cotton, it is made of fiber from the stem of the flax plant, rather than bolls that grow around cotton seeds.

In hot and humid climates, clothing made of linen is desirable. Unlike cotton, cotton tends to retain moisture for a long period of time, while linen dries quickly, which helps reduce heat retention under overheated conditions.

However, manufacturing linen requires more time and resources than cotton, which has led to a steady decline in the popularity of this fabric since the invention of the cotton gin. However, the unique ideal properties of linen prevent the global production of this textile from completely halting, and certain countries, such as China, continue to produce linen in large quantities.

Before we continue, it is important to clarify the difference between the phrase "linen" and "linen". Although "linen" is used to refer to flax fibers that are commonly used in household items and certain forms of clothing, "linen" is a phrase people use to refer to certain types of household items and clothing, but may be composed of linen fibers. Outside the fiber. The term "linen" can be traced back to the era when almost all underwear, bed sheets, and towels were made of linen, but nowadays, this untimely phrase can sometimes be confusing.

The history of linen
Although there is little evidence from prehistoric times, the people of the Neolithic Age in Europe seem to have used linen to make textiles as early as 36,000 years ago. Therefore, linen is one of the longest-produced textiles, and its history may be longer than the oldest evidence found in modern archaeology.

The next historical evidence for the use of flax comes from ancient houses built on the shores of a Swiss lake about 10,000 years ago. According to archaeologists, flax was first domesticated in ancient Mesopotamia. Although the use of linen to make clothing in Mesopotamia was mainly reserved for the ruling class, the use of linen in ancient Egypt was much more widespread.

Due to the climate in Egypt, it is necessary to design clothing that can resist the sun's rays and allow the sweat to cool down quickly. Since linen is naturally white, this fabric is the obvious choice, and its lack of breathability and moisture retention quickly made it the most popular and valuable textile in Egypt.

In fact, the ancient Egyptians sometimes used linen as a real currency. This fabric is also used to make shrouds and wrappers for mummies.

The ancient Greeks used linen to make clothing and household items, and later the Phoenicians introduced linen production to Western Europe. However, historical records indicate that it was not until the 12th century AD that the major European powers tried to regulate flax production in agricultural communities.

Later, Ireland became the center of European flax production, and in the 18th century, the town of Belfast was called "Linenopolis" because of its prosperous line trade. Flax remained popular throughout the colonial era, but as cotton production became cheaper and easier, the once central role of flax in the European textile economy gradually weakened.

Flax Today
Today, linen is mainly a niche product, which is still being produced to make a few textile products. Despite its long history, linen is no longer popular because the process of making this fabric is time-consuming and laborious. The irony is that thousands of years ago, production difficulties initially inhibited flax production; although the challenges faced by today's production line producers are very different from those of ancient times, the production of this fabric is still very demanding and costly.

How is linen fabric made?
How linen is made

The constituent material of the flax fabric is the cellulose fiber in the stem of the flax plant. Like the stems of many similar plants, flax stems consist of woody, reed inner parts and fibrous, glutenous outer parts.

To prepare for flax production, the manufacturer of this fiber first separated the flax fiber from the wooden interior of the flax stem. Traditionally, this step was done by soaking raw flax stalks, but now, manufacturers may use chemicals to achieve the same effect. Before flax fibers are spun into yarns, these chemicals are washed away, but residual toxic substances may remain on the chemically separated flax fibers.

1. Planting
Flax plants can be harvested after about 100 days of growth. Because flax plants are not heat resistant, they must be planted during cooler times of the year to avoid crop death.

2. Growth
These days, linen
The seeds are usually sown by machines. Because flax plants cannot effectively prevent the invasion of weeds, herbicides and farming are usually used to prevent the yield of flax crops from decreasing.

3. Harvest
Once the flax stems turn yellow and the seeds brown, these plants can be harvested. Although flax can be harvested by hand, machines are usually used for this process.

4. Fiber separation
After the flax stems are harvested, they are processed by machines that remove leaves and seeds. Then, the manufacturer separates the fibrous outer stem of flax from its soft wooden interior. This process is called retting, and unless it is done expertly, the delicate flax fibers used in textile production may be damaged.

5. Break
Next, the decomposed flax stalk is broken up, thereby separating the useless outer fibers of the flax stalk from the available inner fibers. To accomplish this step, the flax stems are transported to rollers that crush them, and then a rotating paddle removes the outer layer of fibers from the stems.

6. Grooming
Now that the inner fibers are separated from the other fibers, they can be carded into thin threads. Once the fibers are carded, they can be spun.

7. Spinning
The spinning of flax yarn used to be done with pedal-type flax wheels, but now flax producers use industrial machines to complete this process. To spin flax fibers, these short, combed fibers are connected to a device called a spreader, and the resulting string is called a roving, which is then ready to be spun.

8. Coiling
After spinning on a spinning frame, the resulting yarn is wound on a bobbin. In order to ensure that the flax yarn does not fall apart, it is necessary to carry out this reeling process in a humid environment and pass the spun yarn through a hot water bath to further ensure the cohesion of the yarn.

9. Drying
Finally, the flax manufacturer dries the finished yarn and winds it onto a spool. The yarn is then ready to be dyed, processed, and made into clothing, household goods, or other types of textile products.

How to use linen fabric?
How is linen fabric used

Historically, linen is one of the most popular textiles in the world. From ancient Egypt to Renaissance Ireland, many cultures used flax as the main source of fiber for clothing and household goods.

Today, many uses of flax are the same as those used in history, but this fiber accounts for a much smaller proportion of the global textile market. In addition, many original applications of linen, such as shirts and pants, have been largely replaced by cotton.

However, in hot climates, flax is still used in large quantities for the production of everyday clothing. People living near the equator can benefit from the high moisture absorption but low moisture absorption of flax. The natural white color of this fabric inherently reflects the sun's rays that cause heat.

Manufacturers can use linen to make almost anything that is usually made of cotton or wool. For example, this fabric can be used to make shirts, pants, dresses, skirts, jackets, suit jackets, vests, and various other casual and formal clothing. In addition, linen is still a popular material for underwear and underwear, and it is also often used in pajamas and nightgowns.

Outside of the clothing field, flax is still a popular household item material. Napkins and tablecloths made of linen are especially common. Although cotton towels are more popular nowadays, hand towels, kitchen towels and bath towels made of linen can also be found.

Bedding is another area where cotton has almost replaced linen, but linen pillowcases and bed sheets can still be found. One advantage of bedding linen is the durability of this textile; it is possible to obtain a higher thread count in linen than cotton without encountering durability problems. One of the only industrial applications of linen is the production of canvases for painting.

Where are linen fabrics produced?
World linen fabric

Like most textiles, China is currently the largest producer of flax. However, the production of high-quality linen products is still an important part of the culture of many European countries, and Ireland, Italy and Belgium are still important linen products producing countries. Linen products, mainly used in household products, are also mass-produced in the United States.

How much does the linen fabric cost?
There is no data on the price of raw linen yarn per pound, but the price of woven linen fabric fluctuates between $5 and $12 per yard. At these prices, flax is one of the most expensive natural fibers in the world, but it is undeniable that flax is still in high demand in specific niche applications.

What are the different types of linen fabrics?
Different types of linen fabric

Although all types of linen fabrics are derived from processed and spun linen fibers, there are four main changes in weaving techniques that result in different types of linen fabrics:

1. Brocade linen
This linen is gorgeous and exquisite, shaped on a jacquard loom to produce a final effect similar to embroidery. Brocade linen is not designed for everyday use, it is more common in decorations.

2. Plain Linen
Plain linen is often used to make dish towels, cotton towels and hand towels. Due to its relatively loose weave, it is very durable, but the durability will not be significantly reduced.

3. Loosely woven linen
Loosely woven linen is very absorbent, but it is the least durable type of linen fabric. It is commonly used to make reusable diapers and sanitary napkins.

4. Sheets
Because of its non-textured, soft surface and tight weave, linen garments are usually made of linen cloth. This type of linen usually has a higher thread count than other forms of linen.

Linen wrap skirt
Linen wrap skirt

How does linen affect the environment?
The main environmental problem in flax production is that the chemicals used in the retting process are released into the surrounding ecosystem. Most commonly, alkali or oxalic acid is used to separate flax fibers from the woody interior of flax stems. Although the chemical impregnation of flax is undoubtedly faster and more effective, alkali and oxalic acid are both toxic at relatively low concentrations.

Therefore, for environmental reasons, water soaking of flax stems is the first choice, and to obtain organic certification, it is usually necessary to soak the flax fibers in water. However, because flax is already a very expensive fiber, water retting only mixes up this increased cost, making it difficult for most consumers to obtain organic flax.

In addition to concerns about the release of toxic chemicals into the environment, there may also be concerns about land use for flax production. Specifically, most planting processes used to grow flax degrade the soil, which leads to soil erosion and the expansion of agricultural land to adjacent wilderness areas.

In addition, most textile production in the world is inhumane. The vast majority of textile workers are basically slave laborers who are forced to endure terrible working conditions due to insufficient wages. As a result, the ability of flax workers to contribute to the local economy weakened, and land management took a back seat in the urgent daily struggle for survival.

However, in general, flax is one of the textiles with the least damage to the environment. Unlike synthetic textiles, natural fabrics such as flax are biodegradable, which means that their constituent molecules will be reabsorbed into the surrounding environment in years instead of hundreds of years. Natural fiber will not cause the persistent microfiber pollution crisis in the hydrosphere, which threatens aquatic life and human life.

If linen is grown in accordance with the proper management of the land, it will not harm the environment. However, in order to meet the global demand for flax products without incurring excessive management costs, most flax products manufacturers choose to use cheap processes that may be harmful to the environment.

But in the current world, there are sofa fabric supplier who choose to use machine-made linen fabrics to make sofas.